To the Editor:

I used to be relieved, close to the top of his evaluation of “The Second,” by Carol Anderson (Might 30), to come back throughout Randall Kennedy’s rejection of Anderson’s assertion that the Second Modification was written to attraction to slave homeowners whose must bear arms was primarily to guard themselves towards the specter of a slave revolt.

James Madison wrote in Federalist No. 46, printed in 1788, that the explanation to allow residents to arm themselves was relatively to be able to struggle towards an armed pressure despatched towards the states by the federal authorities. He guessed that such a military may quantity to 30,000 males. “To those can be opposed a militia amounting to close half one million of residents with arms of their arms … preventing for his or her frequent liberties.”

Robert Davey
Bridgeport, Conn.

To the Editor:

In his evaluation of “The Second,” Kennedy states that Anderson “argues unconvincingly, within the face of formidable scholarship on the contrary, that the goal to guard slavery was the predominant motive behind the Second Modification.” However Anderson has a degree. James Madison drafted the Second Modification throughout Virginia’s debate over ratification of the Structure to appease the Virginia governor Patrick Henry, who feared that if slave states didn’t retain the correct to their very own “effectively regulated Militia,” they might be unable to suppress slave uprisings and pursue runaway slaves.

And, in fact, it was “conservative” Justice Antonin Scalia who took a cleaver to the modification to create the fashionable N.R.A. interpretation of the Second Modification, extending the state proper to particular person residents.

Tom Miller
Oakland, Calif.

To the Editor:

Kennedy’s evaluation contained both a delicate nod or an unintentional reference to what’s maybe an important textual content on the intersection of race and weapons ever written. Both approach, its import deserves specific acknowledgment.

Of South Carolina’s refusal to arm Black individuals to struggle within the Revolutionary Warfare, Kennedy wrote, “They had been extra appalled by the prospect of Negroes with weapons than of submission to King George.” Kennedy’s flip of phrase winks at Robert F. Williams’s 1962 e book “Negroes With Weapons.” Raised in Monroe, N.C., Williams promoted a civil rights technique of armed Black self-defense that reverberated throughout the nation — Huey P. Newton cited the e book as foundational to his co-founding of the California-based Black Panther Occasion.

Matthew W. Hughey
Tolland, Conn.

To the Editor:

I laughed out loud at Ward Sutton’s great Sketchbook of covers (Might 23) by “artists who clearly haven’t learn the books.”

However he did a disservice to the unique “Classics Illustrated,” the comedian books I grew up studying. They had been an American comedian sequence that includes diversifications of literary classics like “Les Misérables,” “Moby-Dick,” “Hamlet” and the “Iliad.” Created by Albert Kanter, the sequence started in 1941 and completed its first run in 1969, producing 169 points. They had been the proper antidote to Mad journal.

J. R. Solonche
Blooming Grove, N.Y.

To the Editor:

Mona Hanna-Attisha’s evaluation of “The Hospital,” by Brian Alexander (Might 30), is spot on in condemning “our tragically dangerous employer-based mannequin of well being care.” However she might have gone additional. She might have identified {that a} mannequin of well being care might hardly be worse than ours. How does this mannequin go fallacious? Let me rely the methods.

1. It excludes people who find themselves too sick to work and therefore most in want of well being care.

2. It locks individuals into dangerous marriages.

3. It offers employers incentive to discriminate towards job candidates with continual sicknesses and to invade staff’ privateness by monitoring their private well being habits.

How a lot worse might a well being care mannequin get?

Felicia Nimue Ackerman
Windfall, R.I.



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