A metropolis engineer was obsessed for years with perceived office grievances earlier than killing 12 individuals in a 2019 capturing at a municipal advanced in Virginia Seaside, the F.B.I. mentioned this week, releasing the findings of a behavioral evaluation that offered new perception on a motive for the assault.

The gunman, DeWayne Craddock, who was fatally wounded by the police, had grow to be alienated from his co-workers over how they considered him and his personal notion of his job efficiency, in accordance with the findings by the bureau’s Behavioral Analysis Unit.

“The shooter’s inflated sense of self-importance contributed to this battle and led him to consider he was unjustly and repeatedly criticized and slighted,” the bureau concluded. “Violence was considered by the shooter as a technique to reconcile this battle and restore his perverted view of justice.”

The findings, which have been launched on Wednesday, provide a measure of rationalization for what may be inexplicable for these investigating a number of the nation’s deadliest mass shootings: the mind-set of a gunman. A number of of these shootings stay mysteries, with investigators unable to find out a motive.

The bureau’s findings contrasted with these of the Virginia Seaside Police Division, which mentioned in March that it might never know what had pushed Mr. Craddock to snap.

However the F.B.I., whose assist was enlisted by the native police, mentioned that Mr. Craddock, 40, a former soldier, had grow to be such a loner that it might have been troublesome to examine the bloodshed that he would precise.

“He purposely remoted himself by disengaging from relationships to hide his intentions,” the bureau mentioned, including that “no particular person or group was ready to see the confluence of behaviors which will have forewarned the assault.”

Town of Virginia Seaside has confronted criticism from the victims’ households over reluctance to say what prompted the gunman to open hearth on Could 31, 2019, in Constructing No. 2 of the Virginia Seaside Municipal Heart.

On the morning of the capturing, Mr. Craddock, a metropolis worker of about 15 years, had despatched a resignation electronic mail to his bosses.

“Regardless of exhaustive investigative work and despite unsubstantiated rumors and accusations, it seems we could by no means know why he dedicated this heinous act,” the Virginia Seaside Police Division mentioned in a closing investigation report that was launched in March.

A spokeswoman for the town didn’t instantly reply to requests for touch upon Thursday, however she advised The Washington Post that the F.B.I.’s evaluation didn’t battle with the town’s conclusions and was an extension of the work begun by the town.

“We requested the F.B.I. to try this as a result of they’d a degree of experience on this space that we didn’t have,” mentioned Julie Hill, the spokeswoman. “That is a part of the work that we requested. It wasn’t compelled on us.”

The F.B.I. mentioned it had briefed the Virginia Seaside Police Division on its findings, which famous that the gunman had skilled “vital psychological well being stressors” that “appeared to have contributed partly to his decompensation upfront of the assault.”

“Nonetheless, psychological well being stressors alone can not clarify the Virginia Seaside assault,” the bureau mentioned.

Investigators mentioned that the gunman was related in some ways to others who’ve carried out mass shootings and have been studied by the F.B.I.

“Mass shootings are a predatory act, usually with deliberate and purposeful violence supposed for an recognized goal, particular person, place, or establishment,” the bureau mentioned.

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