Within the 1990s, the composer Tania León was named a new-music adviser to the New York Philharmonic. However the orchestra didn’t play any of her work again then.

It made up for misplaced time in February 2020, when the Philharmonic premiered Ms. León’s “Stride,” a piece each solemn and celebratory, as a part of its Venture 19 initiative, for which it commissioned 19 feminine composers to honor the centennial of the 19th Modification, which barred the states from denying girls the fitting to vote.

On Friday “Stride” was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in Music. It’s a culminating honor within the profession of a composer, now 78, who grew up in Cuba; discovered a footing writing percussive dance works in New York; created a sequence of memorable orchestral items shot by way of with intricate Latin rhythmic grooves; and have become an outspoken advocate for cultural range in music. She has additionally been a pathbreaking conductor, and presently directs the wide-ranging pageant Composers Now.

Ms. León, who discovered concerning the prize as she left her dentist’s workplace on Friday, stated she began crying on the information. “My mom and my grandmother have been maids once they have been 8-year-olds,” she stated in a cellphone interview. “My household had a lot hope for me and the brand new era, to offer us an training, and when one thing main has occurred in my life, that’s the very first thing that involves thoughts.”

Impressed by the braveness of the ladies in her household, and by the suffragist Susan B. Anthony, the 15-minute “Stride” isn’t purely optimistic. Forthright brass fanfares recur all through the piece, a type of periodic annunciation, and jazzy wind solos squiggle out of the orchestral textures, however a darkish, unsettled power at all times lurks.

The composer Ellen Reid, who received the Pulitzer in 2019 and was a part of the committee that awarded this yr’s prize, stated she had heard the Philharmonic carry out “Stride” at Lincoln Heart final yr.

“It was one of many final performances earlier than the pandemic,” she stated by cellphone. “Tania has a method of weaving collectively so many musical traditions with such pleasure. She’s simply such a beautiful ambassador for music, and her love is infectious.”

Explosive bells sound on the finish of the piece: “Each time I give it some thought,” Ms. León stated, “I need to hear much more — all of the bells within the nation.” However a West African beat shuffles beneath — a reminder that Black girls have been initially excluded from the fitting that was granted by the 19th Modification.

“Below all these bells of celebration,” Ms. León stated, “there may be nonetheless a type of wrestle.”

Wrestle, and motion.

“It’s very good to be acknowledged,” she added. “However the largest prize of my life is that I’ve been capable of manifest a dream that began in a really small place, removed from right here, with people who find themselves not right here any extra. That, for me, is what ‘Stride’ is about: transferring ahead.”

Joshua Barone contributed reporting.

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